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PSEA – Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse

Sexual exploitation is defined as an actual or attempted abuse of someone’s position of vulnerability

The UN Secretary-General’s Bulletin on Special Measures for Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse entered into force in the UN in 2003 and was formally adopted by UNHCR in a 2004 memorandum. The need for reinforced action to protect beneficiaries of humanitarian assistance from sexual exploitation and abuse arose from reports confirming that humanitarian workers had been responsible for acts of sexual exploitation and abuse. In this context, SEA usually refers to acts committed against persons of concern. Sexual exploitation is defined as an actual or attempted abuse of someone’s position of vulnerability (such as a person depending on you for survival, food rations, school books, transport or other services), differential power or trust, to obtain sexual favours, including but not only, by offering money or other social, economic or political advantages. It includes trafficking and prostitution. Sexual abuse means the actual or threatened physical intrusion of a sexual nature, whether by force, or under unequal or coercive conditions. It includes sexual slavery, pornography, child abuse and sexual assault.

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